Objects

The objects listed below are on exhibit at ISAW during "A Wonder to Behold: Craftsmanship and the Creation of Babylon's Ishtar Gate", November 6, 2019 - May 24, 2020.

1: Shipping Crate

Crate used to ship bricks from Babylon to Berlin. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum.



2: Brick Fragments

Brick Fragments, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory numbers: VA 17472-17491; VA 17493; VA 17495-17502).

3: Brick

Brick with the underbelly of a bull, from Ezida Temple, Borsippa (modern Birs Nimrud), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 00659).



4: Brick

Brick with a mušhuššu-dragon neck, from Uruk (modern al-Warka), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 04454).

5: Brick

 Brick with cuneiform sign bi, from El-Kasr Mound, Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 07506).



6: Reconstructed Brick

Reconstructed brick with cuneiform sign bi, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 17459).

7: Blue brick fragment

Blue brick fragment, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 17471; VA 17494).

8: Brick

Brick fragment with mušhuššu-dragon scales, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 17460).

9: Brick

 Brick with fitters' marks and cuneiform inscription on reverse, from Southern Palace, El-Kasr Mound, Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 17454).



10: Brick Fragment

 Fragmentary brick with floral motif and fitters' mark, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 02961).



11: Brick Fragment

 Fragmentary brick with impression of reed matting, and a dog's paw print on reverse, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 04549).



12: Inscribed Brick

 Fragmentary brick stamped with cuneiform inscription of Nebuchadnezzar II and impressed with a dog's paw print, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 04060. 005).



13: Inscribed Brick

 Brick stamped with alphabetic worker's inscription (lqṣr') and a lion surrounded by body parts, from Southern Palace, El-Kasr Mound, Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 04389).



14: Inscribed Brick

 Brick fragment incised with alphabetic worker's inscription (zbn'), from El-Kasr Mound, Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 04553).



15: Inscribed Brick

Brick fragment stamped with alphabetic worker's inscription (nb), from East of Ishtar Gate, El-Kasr Mound, Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 04600).

16: Brick

 Brick with the head of a water goddess, from Inanna Temple Façade, Uruk (modern al-Warka), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 16740).



17: Brick

Brick with the neck and hair of a water goddess, with spouting water, from Inanna Temple Façade, Uruk (modern al-Warka), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 17455).

18: Brick

 Brick with the head of a mountain god, from Inanna Temple Façade, Uruk (modern al-Warka), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 16741).



19: Brick

Brick with the beard and hair of a mountain god, with spouting water, from Inanna Temple Façade, Uruk (modern al-Warka), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 17456).

20: Wall Tile

 Wall tile with knob, decorated with palmette and eye motifs, from Ashur (modern Qal'at Sharqat), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Ass 02338 + VA Ass 02389).



21: Brick

 Brick with part of a god's face and fitters' marks, from Ashur (modern Qal'at Sharqat), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Ass 02299).



22: Reconstructed Brick

Reconstructed brick with floral motif, from Throne Room Façade, Southern Palace, El-Kasr Mound, Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 17461).

23: Brick Fragment

Brick fragment with rosette motif, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 04226. 19).

24: Brick Fragment

Brick fragment with rosette motif, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 04225. 14).

25: Brick Fragment

 Brick fragment with rosette motif, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 04788).



26: Vessel

Vessel with frieze of kneeling caprids, from Ashur (modern Qal'at Sharqat), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Ass 02419).

27: Vessel

 Vessel, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 04144b).



28: Mold

Fragmentary mold for a female figurine and modern cast, from Quadrant 19i, El-Kasr Mound, Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 00707).

29: Foundation Figurine

 Foundation figurine of a protective apkallu-sage wearing a fish skin, from Quadrant kB 9I (house of a priest), Ashur (modern Qal'at Sharqat), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Ass 03595).



30: Reconstructed necklace

 Reconstructed necklace, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 02551. 16).



31: Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression

Cylinder seal and modern impression with a divine hero in contest with a bull, from Grave deposit, Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 07545).

32: Ingot

 Egyptian blue ingot, from Quadrant hC 10I (probably a house), Ashur (modern Qal'at Sharqat), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Ass 04820).



33: Ingot

Glass ingot, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 07614).

34: Inlay from Statuette

Hair- or beard-curl inlay from a composite statuette, from Ashur (modern Qal'at Sharqat), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 17457).

35: Inlay from Statuette

Hair- or beard-curl inlay from a composite statuette, from Ashur (modern Qal'at Sharqat), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Ass 04258. 01).

36: Inlay from Statuette

 Fragmentary hair or beard inlay from a composite statuette, from Quadrant dE 6II (Festival House Temple), Ashur (modern Qal'at Sharqat), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Ass 04637).



37: Inlay from Statuette

Fragmentary hair- or beard-curl inlay from a composite statuette, from Quadrant 1B 4V, Ashur (modern Qal'at Sharqat), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 17458).

38: Inlay from Statue

Fragmentary hair or beard inlay from a composite statue, from Ashur (modern Qal'at Sharqat), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 07996).

39: Inlay from Statue

 Fragmentary hair or beard inlay from a composite statue, from Quadrant fC 6IV (Sin-Shamash Temple), Ashur (modern Qal'at Sharqat), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 07891 + VA 07894).



40: Divine Cylinder Seal

 Divine cylinder seal with the god Marduk and cuneiform inscription (dedication by Marduk-zakir-shumi I), from Parthian Period house, Amran Ibu Ali Mound, Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 00646).



41: Uncarved cylinder seal or bead

 Uncarved cylinder seal or bead, from Parthian Period house, Amran Ibu Ali Mound, Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 00650).



42: Uncarved cylinder seal or bead

Uncarved cylinder seal or bead, from Parthian Period house, Amran Ibu Ali Mound, Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA Bab 00652).

43: Fragmentary eyestone

Fragmentary eyestone, from Parthian Period house, Amran Ibu Ali Mound, Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 08868).

44: Relief

 Relief with a god (possibly Ashur) on a lion monster, and divine symbols, from Quadrant dB 6II (house), Ashur (modern Qal'at Sharqat), Iraq. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VA 08750).



45: Reconstruction of bricks with a mušhuššu-dragon from the Ishtar Gate

 Watercolor illustration by Walter Andrae. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VAK 0009).



46: Reconstruction of a bull from the Ishtar Gate

Watercolor illustration by Walter Andrae. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VAK 0011).

47: Beginning of excavation of the Ishtar Gate

 Photograph showing the beginning of excavation of the Ishtar Gate, from Babylon, Iraq (photographer unknown). Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: Bab Ph 157 + Bab Ph 158b).

48: Portion of an Ishtar Gate wall found in situ

 Photograph showing a portion of an Ishtar Gate wall found in situ, showing an earlier unglazed molded bull and part of a later glazed flat bull (photographer unknown). Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: Bab Ph 159).



49: Portion of an Ishtar Gate wall found in situ

 Photograph showing a portion of an Ishtar Gate wall with unglazed mušhuššu-dragon bricks found in situ (photographer unknown). Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: Bab Ph 147).



50: View of unglazed remains of the Ishtar Gate found in situ

 Photograph showing a view of unglazed remains of the Ishtar Gate found in situ, from Babylon, Iraq (photographer unknown). Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: Bab Ph 201 + Bab Ph 202b).



51: Remains of unglazed walls of the Ishtar Gate found in situ

 Photograph showing remains of unglazed walls of the Ishtar Gate found in situ, from Babylon, Iraq (photographer unknown). Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: Bab Ph 197).



52: Desalinating glazed brick fragments from Babylon

 Photograph taken in Berlin, Germany by an unknown photographer showing work to desalinate glazed brick fragments from Babylon. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: Bab Ph 3701).



53: Sorting and assembling glazed brick fragments from Babylon

 Photograph taken in Berlin, Germany by an unknown photographer showing work to sort and assemble glazed brick fragments from Babylon. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: Bab Ph 3700 R).



54: Reconstructing a brick with cuneiform writing from fragments excavated at Babylon

 Photograph taken in Berlin, Germany by an unknown photographer showing reconstruction work of a brick with cuneiform writing excavated at Babylon. Lent by Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum (inventory number: VAN 10356).



55: Inscribed Brick Stamp

 Brick stamp with cuneiform inscription of a king, from Nippur (modern Nuffar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: B8750).



56: Stamped Brick

 Brick stamped with cuneiform inscription of Nebuchadnezzar II and alphabetic worker's inscription (nbwn'd), probably from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: B10278).



57: Ceramic Plaque

 Fragmentary plaque with a striding lion, from Area TB 30, Level II, Nippur (modern Nuffar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: 51-6-204).



58: Ceramic Plaque

 Plaque with a striding mušhuššu-dragon, from Nippur (modern Nuffar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: L-29-302).



59: Mold

 Mold for a female figurine and modern cast, from Diqdiqqeh Mound, Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: 33-35-253).



60: Female figurine

 Female figurine, from Area AH, against Neo-Babylonian wall, Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: 31-43-394).



61: Male vase-bearer figurine

 Male vase-bearer figurine, from Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: 31-16-923).



62: Head of a deity figurine

 Head of a deity figurine, from Area TTB 27, Enunmah, Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: B14991).



63: Lion figurine

 Lion figurine, from Level IV, Shibaniba (modern Tell Billa), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: 31-51-394).



64: Bull figurine

 Bull figurine, from Level III, Shibaniba (modern Tell Billa), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: 31-51-329).



65: Fragmentary Cuneiform Tablet Containing a List

Fragmentary Cuneiform Tablet Containing a List, from Nippur (modern Nuffar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: B6060).

66: Reconstructed necklace of eyestones

Reconstructed necklace of eyestones, from Nippur (modern Nuffar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: 85-48-67).

67: Reconstructed necklace of eyestones

 Reconstructed necklace of eyestones, from Nippur (modern Nuffar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: B16198).



68: Reconstructed necklace

 Reconstructed necklace, from Tepe Hissar (modern Damghan), Iran. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: 33-22-168).

69: Reconstructed necklace

 Reconstructed necklace, from Tomb 11, Shibaniba (modern Tell Billa), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: 31-51-53).



70: Reconstructed Necklaces

 Three reconstructed necklaces, from Level IV, Hasanlu, Iran. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: 71-23-193. 1-3).



71: Fragments of Inscribed Axes

Fragments of inscribed ritual axes, from Nippur (modern Nuffar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: B2496).

72: Stamp Seal and Modern Impression

 Stamp seal and modern impression with a worshipper or priest before the divine symbols of Marduk (spade) and Nabu (stylus), from Nippur (modern Nuffar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: B14299).



73: Head of Statuette

 Head of a composite statuette of a worshipper, from Tutub (modern Khafajah), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: 37-15-41).



74: Statuette Inlay

Fragmentary beard inlay from a composite statuette, from Nippur (modern Nuffar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: B14638).

75: Inscribed Eyestone

Pierced eyestone with cuneiform inscription (the name of the goddess Ninlil), from near the Ziggurat and Parthian Fortress, Nippur (modern Nuffar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: B8723a).

76: Eyestone

 Eyestone, from Nippur (modern Nuffar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: B16161).



77: Uncarved Cylinder Seal

 Uncarved cylinder seal, possibly a foundation deposit, from Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: B16283).



78: Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression

Cylinder seal and modern impression with contest scenes between a divine hero and a bull, and between a divine hero and a lion, from Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: 30-12-28).

79: Stamp Seal and Modern Impression

 Stamp seal in the shape of a lion and modern impression, with three animals on the seal face, probably from Mesopotamia (Iraq). Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: B14537).



80: Bull amulet

Bull amulet, from Area EH, Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: B16349).

81: Bull-head architectural feature

 Bull-head architectural feature, from Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar), Iraq. Lent by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (inventory number: 32-40-226).



82: Cosmetic bottle

 Cosmetic bottle, probably from Egypt. Lent by The Corning Museum of Glass (inventory number: 50. 1. 1).



83: Vessel

 Vessel, probably from Egypt. Lent by The Corning Museum of Glass (inventory number: 66. 1. 213).



84: Perfume bottle

Perfume bottle, from Mesopotamia, Iraq or Iran. Lent by The Corning Museum of Glass (inventory number: 63. 1. 29).

85: Perfume bottle

 Perfume bottle, probably from Northern Mesopotamia, Iraq. Lent by The Corning Museum of Glass (inventory number: 62. 1. 22).



86: Ornament with female figure

 Ornament with female figure, probably from Northern Mesopotamia, Iraq. Lent by The Corning Museum of Glass (inventory number: 55. 1. 64).



87: Piece of cullet

 Piece of cullet, said to be from Syria. Lent by The Corning Museum of Glass (inventory number: 51. 1. 87).



88: Piece of cullet

Piece of cullet by Union Glass Company, from Somerville, Massachusetts, United States. Lent by The Corning Museum of Glass (inventory number: 51. 4. 740 G).

89: Piece of cullet

Piece of cullet by Union Glass Company, from Somerville, Massachusetts, United States. Lent by The Corning Museum of Glass (inventory number: 51. 4. 740 M).

90: Piece of cullet

Piece of cullet by Union Glass Company, from Somerville, Massachusetts, United States. Lent by The Corning Museum of Glass (inventory number: 51. 4. 740 W).

91: Pieces of cullet

 Pieces of cullet, from Germany. Lent by The Corning Museum of Glass (inventory numbers: 94. 3. 143 A-O).



92: Twelve beads

Twelve beads by Mr. Larteh, from Odumase, Ghana. Lent by The Corning Museum of Glass (inventory number: 73. 3. 335 C).

93: Implement for making large beads

Implement for making large beads by Mr. Larteh, from Odumase, Ghana. Lent by The Corning Museum of Glass (inventory number: 73. 3. 427).

94: Glassmaking core

 Glassmaking core by Karl Schantz, from Canada. Lent by The Corning Museum of Glass (inventory number: 78. 4. 55 b).



95: Reconstructed Brick Panel

 Reconstructed panel of bricks with a striding lion, from Processional Way, El-Kasr Mound, Babylon, Iraq. Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art (inventory number: 31. 13. 2).



96: Brick

 Brick with guilloche motif, from Kalhu (modern Nimrud), Iraq. Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art (inventory number: 57. 27. 24a, b).



97: Brick

Brick fragment with part of a rosette, from Kalhu (modern Nimrud), Iraq. Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art (inventory number: 57. 27. 26).

98: Bricks

 Three fragmentary bricks with palmette motif, from Susa, Iran. Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art (inventory number: 48. 98. 20a–c).



99: Vessel with Bulls

 Vessel with frieze of kneeling bulls, said to be from Ziwiye, Iran. Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art (inventory number: 55. 121. 2).



100: Bowl with Bulls

 Bowl with procession of bulls, probably from Southern Mesopotamia, Iraq. Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art (inventory number: 39. 61).



101: Lion amulet

Lion amulet, probably from Mesopotamia (Iraq). Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art (inventory number: 10. 130. 2052).

102: Stamp seal and modern impression

 Stamp seal and modern impression with a worshipper or priest before the divine symbols of Marduk (spade) and Nabu (stylus) on a mušhuššu-dragon altar (on face), a dog and lamp or incense burner (on sides), probably from Mesopotamia (Iraq). Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art (inventory number: 41. 160. 271).

103: Brick mold

 Brick mold, from Foundation deposit 4(D), Forecourt, Hatshepsut Temple, Deir el-Bahri complex, Waset (modern Thebes), Egypt. Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Department of Egyptian Art (inventory number: 25. 3. 108).



104: Reconstruction of a brick with lion fur

 Watercolor illustration by Walter Andrae. Lent by Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft (inventory number: ArDOG V. 29. 83).



105: Partial reconstruction of throne room façade

 Watercolor illustration of a partial reconstruction of throne room façade by Walter Andrae. Lent by Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft (inventory number: ArDOG V. 28. 18).



106: Partial reconstruction of palace wall

 Watercolor illustration of a partial reconstruction of palace wall by Walter Andrae. Lent by Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft (inventory number: ArDOG V. 28. 17).



107: Portion of glazed brick wall

 Watercolor illustration of a portion of glazed brick wall by Walter Andrae, from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft (inventory number: ArDOG V. 15. 24).



108: Reconstruction of bricks with a mušhuššu-dragon from the Ishtar Gate

 Graphite drawing. Lent by Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft (inventory number: ArDOG V. 28. 41).



109: Reconstruction of the Ishtar Gate façade

 Watercolor by Friedrich Wachtsmuth. Lent by Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft (inventory number: ArDOG V. 29. 100).



110: Reconstruction of the Ishtar Gate

 Ink drawing by Alfred Bollacher. Lent by Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft (inventory number: ArDOG V. 29. 60).



111: Eyestone with cuneiform inscription

 Eyestone with cuneiform inscription of Nebuchadnezzar II (dedication to the god Marduk), probably from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by The Morgan Library & Museum, New York (inventory number: MLC 2624).



112: Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression

Cylinder seal and modern impression with an enthroned figure and a kneeling bull supporting a winged gate, probably from Southern Mesopotamia, Iraq. Lent by The Morgan Library & Museum, New York (inventory number: Morgan Seal 233).

113: Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression

 Cylinder seal and modern impression with contest between lion and bull, probably from Northern Mesopotamia, Iraq. Lent by The Morgan Library & Museum, New York (inventory number: Morgan Seal 604).



114: Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression

 Cylinder seal and modern impression with a divine hero in contest with a lion, probably from Southern Mesopotamia, Iraq. Lent by The Morgan Library & Museum, New York (inventory number: Morgan Seal 766).



115: Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression

 Cylinder seal and modern impression with a worshipper or priest before the divine symbols of Marduk (spade) and Nabu (stylus), and a god on a lion monster, probably from Mesopotamia (Iraq). Lent by The Morgan Library & Museum, New York (inventory number: Morgan Seal 692).



116: Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression

 Cylinder seal and modern impression with a king in contest with two lions, probably from Persia, Iran. Lent by The Morgan Library & Museum, New York (inventory number: Morgan Seal 819).



117: Inscribed Bricks

 Bricks with a protective bull-man and cuneiform inscription, from Inshushinak Temple, Apadana Mound, Susa, Iran. Lent by Musée du Louvre, Paris, Département des Antiquités orientales (inventory number: Sb 21960).



118: Brick

 Fragmentary brick with the hand of a queen, from Inshushinak Temple, Apadana Mound, Susa, Iran. Lent by Musée du Louvre, Paris, Département des Antiquités orientales (inventory number: Sb 726).



119: Inscribed Brick

 Fragmentary brick with a cuneiform inscription, from Inshushinak Temple, Apadana Mound, Susa, Iran. Lent by Musée du Louvre, Paris, Département des Antiquités orientales (inventory number: Sb 11481).



120: Tile Fragment

 Fragmentary tile with a genie standing on two griffins in contest with two monsters, from Ville Royale Mound, Susa, Iran. Lent by Musée du Louvre, Département des Antiquités orientales (inventory number: Sb 3352).



121: Tile Fragment

Fragmentary wall tile with checkerboard motif, from Shutruk-Nahhunte Temple, Acropolis Mound, Susa, Iran. Lent by Musée du Louvre, Paris, Département des Antiquités orientales (inventory number: Sb 3360 A).

122: Bricks

 Bricks with the head of an archer, from Palace of Darius I, Susa, Iran. Lent by Musée du Louvre, Paris, Département des Antiquités orientales (inventory number: Sb 21878).



123: Mold

 Mold for a female figurine, from Susa, Iran. Lent by Musée du Louvre, Paris, Département des Antiquités orientales (inventory number: Sb 7413).



124: Samples of stones and metals

Samples of stones and metals. Lent by Mineralogical and Geological Museum, Harvard University (inventory numbers: 109163; 132691; 132621; 88805; 128750; 99501; 83164; 96791; 81490; 112538; 121347; 95355; 99713; 81536).

125: Inscribed Stela of Ashurbanipal

 Inscribed Stela of Ashurbanipal, from Nabu Temple, Borsippa (modern Birs Nimrud), Iraq. Lent by The British Museum (inventory number: 1880,0617. 2).



126: Brick stamped with cuneiform inscription

 Brick stamped with cuneiform inscription, probably from Babylon, Iraq. Lent by The British Museum (inventory number: 1979,1220. 64).



127: Brick

 Brick with the head and wings of a protective genie, from North Palace, Nineveh (modern Mosul), Iraq. Lent by The British Museum (inventory number: 1932,1212. 1252).



128: Cuneiform Tablet

 Cuneiform tablet with a red glass recipe, said to be from Seleucia (modern Tell Umar), Iraq. Lent by The British Museum (inventory number: 1929,0715. 1).



129: Cuneiform Tablet

 Fragmentary cuneiform tablet with glass recipes, from Library of Ashurbanipal, Kouyunjik Mound, Nineveh (modern Mosul), Iraq. Lent by The British Museum (inventory number: K. 2520).



130: Bucket

Bucket, from Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar), Iraq. Lent by The British Museum (inventory number: 1856,0903. 2).

131: Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression

Cylinder seal and modern impression with the creator god Enki/Ea in his watery realm (apsû), probably from Southern Mesopotamia, Iraq. Lent by The British Museum (inventory number: 1983,0101. 300).

132: Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression

 Cylinder seal and modern impression with a worshipper or priest before the goddess Ishtar standing on a lion, probably from Mesopotamia (Iraq). Lent by The British Museum (inventory number: 1835,0510. 2).



133: Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression

 Cylinder seal and modern impression with two worshippers or priests, one before the moon-god Sin in a crescent, and one before the divine symbol of Marduk (spade) on a mušhuššu-dragon altar, probably from Southern Mesopotamia, Iraq. Lent by The British Museum (inventory number: 1983,0101. 305).