Research at ISAW

ISAW was founded to support research in the ancient world. This page describes some of the research projects in which our faculty, staff, students, and scholars are engaged. The results of this research are communicated in a variety of ways—in print, online, and in person—to a range of audiences including both scholars and the general public. As outlined in the faculty statement on assessment of research, we aim for quality and long-term accessibility in all our research outputs, regardless of medium, while embracing collaboration and both traditional and new forms of review and assessment. For archaeological resources within the wider NYU network see the NYU Archaeohub.

Scan of pencil drawing showing a footed, rectangular cabinet with two covers or overlays hinged up on either side and a circular face on the flat top. Antikythera Mechanism Research Project

Alexander Jones

The Antikythera Mechanism was a bronze gearwork device displaying chronological cycles and motions and phenomena of the heavenly bodies, made somewhere in the Hellenistic world in the second or early first century B.C. ISAW's Alexander Jones is involved in a collaborative research project addressing unanswered questions about this fascinating object.

Lorenzo d'Alfonso

Kınık Höyük is located in Southern Cappadocia, in the province of Niğde. Current excavations are led for ISAW by Lorenzo d'Alfonso jointly with the University of Pavia, and with the participation of the Universities of Niğde and Erzurum (Turkey), and of the Laboratoire de Géographie physique, CNRS France. Current work includes historical and environmental reconstruction, investigation of ceramic production and micro-climate,  and conservation in situ of major architectural remains dating to the first Millennium BC.

Photograph of a water-filled ditch stretching into the distance. On the left is a green, apparently cultivated field. On the right: packed dirt, possibly a roadway.Archaeology of "Long Walls" in Western Central Asia

Sören Stark

Territorial barrier-walls are a widespread phenomenon in many micro-regions of Western Central Asia where they take the shape of large-scale oasis walls or linear barriers, similar to "long walls" known from other parts of the Old World. ISAW's Sören Stark is co-directing with Djamal Mirzaakhmedov from the Institute of Archaeology at the Uzbek Academy of Sciences an archaeological field project to investigate one of these features: the Dīvār-i Kanpirak (the long wall of Bukhārā).

Photo of an archaeological work room featuring a long table on which excavated bones and other artifacts are placed.The Chinese Bronze Age Economics Project

Roderick Campbell

My fieldwork consists of a series of assemblage analyses at a number of Anyang period (ca. 1250-1050 BCE) sites. These include the massive Shang capital site at Anyang (3000 ha), the regional center of Daxingzhuang (30 ha), and the village of Guandimiao (2 ha), selected as different types of node in the Shang kingdom's political economic networks. I have five ongoing research projects at these sites, four of which involve bone working. The first project is a collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of Archaeology on the huge bone workshop at Tiesanlu Anyang, where 34 metric tons of animal bone waste was recovered and preliminary studies have shown that millions of hairpins for broad consumption were mass-produced. Work began in 2009 and continues with the current focus on production organization. At Zhengzhou, I have been working on the only excavated Shang village site, Guandimiao. This collaboration is with the Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology. So far a preliminary English site report has been written as well as bone working and zooarchaeological reports completed. The worked bone analysis demonstrated surprising connections with the large-scale workshops of the capital, even while differentiating a distinct local, non-specialized production. Further work will focus on Guandimiao ceramic production and the bone working remains from the Erligang period (ca. 1600-1400 BCE) Zhengzhou bone workshop. At Jinan research into the Daxingzhuang worked bone assemblage is ongoing with Shandong University. Preliminary work suggests both local, small-scale, specialized production, and connections with the Anyang workshops. In addition to the Daxingzhuang bone artifact analysis my collaborators and I held a bone working experimental workshop at the Qingdao campus to help us better characterize tool marks and efficiencies. Further experimental workshops are planned.

Screen capture of a digital map showing Sicily between the boot of Italy and the Cap Bon peninsula of Tunisia. A number of small icons are barely visible on the Sicily portion of the map.Digitizing Numismatics

Sebastian Heath

Continuing work begun while a Research Scientist at the American Numismatic Society, Sebastian Heath is working with colleagues there and at other institutions to provide a digital infrastructure for the discipline of numismatics. One result of this work is the site, which publishes stable URIs (web addresses) for concepts in numismatics, frequently alongside relevant data.

Landscape photograph with desert and scattered vegetation in foreground and a ridge of large cliffs rising in the distance.Excavations at Amheida

David Ratzan

The excavations undertaken at the ancient city of Amheida (known as Trimithis in the Roman period) are  a modern, multidisciplinary excavation. Graduate students from ISAW and other institutions take part in the excavations. The Amheida team makes its ongoing work available internationally to both scholarly and public audiences via the web as well as through printed work.  Further information on the Amheida project is available online. The Amheida excavations are directed by David Ratzan.

Aerial image of the mound at Gird-i Rostam, surrounded by farm fields. A covered area and a rectangular excavation area are visible on the mound.Gird-i Rostam, Iraqi Kurdistan

Daniel T. Potts

Gird-i Rostam is a multi-period site in Iraqi Kurdistan occupied from the Chalcolithic period (c. 4400 BC) to late Antiquity (5th-7th cents. AD). After a brief mapping campaign in 2017 excavations began in 2018 as a joint project between ISAW and the Ludwig-Maximilians-University in Munich with the enthusiastic support of the Directorate of Antiquities in the Governate of Suleimaniyah and its Director Kamal Rasheed. Co-directed by Dan Potts and Karen Radner (Munich), the project aims to establish a sequence for this little-known, easternmost corner of Kurdistan which lies close to the Iranian border in the Zagros mountains. Die-stamped ceramics with Christian crosses; prehistoric obsidian from sources near Nemrut Dag in Turkey and Syunik in Armenia; painted pottery parallels in Luristan and northern Mesopotamia; and a vessel fragment with a cuneiform inscription naming the dedicant, in all probability of Neo-Assyrian date, already suggest that Gird-i Rostam is going to contribute enormously to our understanding of the prehistory and early history of the Zagros. A full preliminary report on the 2018 season is published in the Dutch journal JEOL (Jaarbericht Ex Oriente Lux) and a second, very successful season was concluded in the summer of 2019 when fortification walls of both the Neo-Assyrian and Sasanian periods were exposed.

Aerial view of Lyktos acropolis from the northeast, with three of the four active excavation sectors labeled.Lyktos Archaeological Project

Antonis Kotsonas

The archaeological investigation of Lyktos, the vast and largely untouched remnants of one of the most powerful Greek and Roman-period cities of the Mediterranean island of Crete, are co-directed by Antonis Kotsonas (ISAW) and Angelos Chaniotis (Institute for Advanced Study). More information about the Lyktos Archaeological Project may be found on this page.

Photograph of a terracotta sculpture of soldier, kneeling on his right knee and twisting to reach an object on his belt on his right side. Reception of Chinese Antiquity

Lillian Tseng

Interested in the reception of antiquity, Lillian Tseng is currently working on a book tentatively entitled Inspecting Steles: Cultural Agents and Visual Production in 18th-century China. It investigates why stone monuments erected in the past emerged as a major scholarly concern and how the scholarly pursuit of ancient monuments affected the production of contemporary visual works that range from painting, calligraphy to illustrated catalogues. It articulates different dynamics in agents and mediums. It also addresses issues surrounding historical memory and social communication.

Photograph of a virtual space projected on three walls of a dark room: a cave containing sculptures seems to be depicted.Research in Digital Antiquity

Tom Elliott

ISAW's online resources embrace a number of research components bridging the study of the human past and the development of new media and new methods. Overseen by Tom Elliott, these resources are a collaborative effort of ISAW's Digital Projects Team and a number of extramural colleagues.

Shanati's infinity sign logoShanati: The Ancient Babylonian Calendar Reconstructed & Synchronized with the Proleptic Julian Calendar

David Danzig and Alexander Jones

This research effort aims to reconstruct the daily Ancient Babylonian Calendar; synchronize it with other ancient calendars; and provide easy access to the date conversions, the full evidence trail for the reconstruction, and data services to other web platforms.