The following is a rough collection of useful links relevant to Central Asian studies in general and the history and archaeology of Bukhārā in particular. Comments and suggestions to keep this page updated and as comprehensive as possible are welcome and should be sent to



Resources in General

Archive of the Khorezm Expedition at the Institute for Ethnology and Anthropology at the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Central Asia Pages at the Seminar for Oriental Archaeology and Art History, University Halle-Wittenberg by Markus Mode

Encyclopædia Iranica

The Harvard Forum for Central Asian Studies

Waugh's Central Asia by Daniel C.Waugh


Resources on Silk Road Studies

Critical Silk Road Studies, Georgetown University

Digital Silk Road Project, Japan

The Silk Road Journal edited by Daniel C. Waugh


Resources on Specific Sites

Academia Turfanica, China (in Chinese only)

Ancient Merv Project at the UCL Institute of Archaeology

The Balkh Art and Cultural Heritage Project at Oxford University

Dunhuang Academy, China (in Chinese and English)

The International Dunhuang Project

Italian Archaeological Mission in Old Nisa


Ancient and Medieval Nomads in Eurasia

Early Nomads of the Eurasian Steppes. Bibliographic notes compiled by Markus Mode

Türk Bitig – Database of Old Türkic monuments and inscriptions



Bukhara State Architectural Art Museum-Preserve, Bukhara

Central State Museum of Kazakhstan, Almaty

Musée National des Arts Asiatiques - Guimet, Paris

Museum für Asiatische Kunst, Berlin

Museum of Islamic Art, Doha

The National Museum of Afghanistan, Kabul

National Museum of Antiquities of Tajikistan, Dushanbe

State Hermitage, Saint-Petersburg, Oriental Collections

State Museum of Oriental Art, Moscow


Archaeological Fieldwork and Teaching

Abteilung Vor- und Frühgeschichtliche Archäologie at University Bonn

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of History (in Chinese only)

La Délégation Archéologique Française en Afghanistan

Eurasia Department of the German Archaeological Institute

Il Centro Ricerche Archeologiche e Scavi di Turino per il Medio Oriente e l'Asia

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography at the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk

Institute of History of Material Culture at the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg

Italo-Uzbek Archaeological Project in Samarkand

"L’Orientale" University of Naples, Department of Asian, African and Mediterranean Studies

Materiality in Islam Research Initiative (MIRI) at Copenhagen University

Mission Archéologique Franco-Chinoise au Xinjiang (Chine) (MAFCX)

Mission Archéologique Franco-Ouzbèke de Sogdiane (MAFOUZ-Sogdiana)

Mission Archéologique Franco-Ouzbèke de Bactriane Septentrionale (MAFOUZ-Bactriane)

Mission Archéologique Française Ajakagytma sur la Néolithisation en Asie centrale (MAFANAC)

Mission Archéologique Franco-Ouzbèke Protohistoire (MAFOUZ-Protohistoire)

Mission Archéologique Franco-Ouzbèke dans l’oasis de Boukhara

Mission Archéologique Française au Turkménistan

Professur für Islamische Kunstgeschichte und Archäologie at University Bamberg

School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London

Seminar for Oriental Archaeology and Art History at University Halle-Wittenberg

Society for the Exploration of EurAsia

UCL Institute of Archaeology

Ulaanbataar Branch of the German Archaeological Institute

UMR8546 CNRS/ENS Archéologie et Philologie d’Orient et d’Occident - AOROC

Université Paris-Ouest/CNRS, Maison Archéologie & Ethnologie, René-Ginouvès

University of Pittsburgh's Department of Anthropology

Washington University in St.Louis' Department of Anthropology

Western Kentucky University's Department of Folk Studies and Anthropology



Achemenet by Pierre Briant (chaire "Histoire et civilisation du monde achéménide et de l’empire d’Alexandre" au Collège de France)

The British Institute of Persian Studies

The Cultural History of the Western Himalaya from the 8th Century. FSF/NFN of the Austrian Science Fund

Oriental Coins Database at by Edward C. D. Hopkins

A Rough Guide to Kushan History by Robert Bracey

Oxus communications by Mark Dickens